Load flow studies are performed using computer software (e.g., ETAP, SKM) to simulate actual steady-state power system operating conditions in order to evaluate bus voltage profiles, real and reactive power flow, and losses.
Conducting a load flow study using multiple scenarios helps to ensure that the power system is adequately designed to satisfy desired performance criteria for the most economical expenditure of initial capital investment and future operating costs.
Load flow studies are commonly used to investigate:
- Component or Circuit Loading
- Bus Voltage Profiles
- Real and Reactive Power Flow
- Power System Losses
- Proper Transformer Tap Settings